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UPSC Civil Services Exam 2022 Dates, Eligibility, IAS Exam Pattern & Syllabus



What is UPSC?

One of the most frequently asked questions among government job Seekers is “What is UPSC Exam?” Well, UPSC Exam or generally known as IAS Exam is officially the UPSC Civil Services Examination. The UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) is one of the examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission to hire suitable candidates into civil services of India including IAS, IPS, IFS, and other allied services. This examination is conducted in three stages mainly UPSC Prelims, UPSC Main, and the personality Test or UPSC Interview (PI) .

The first Stage of the IAS Exam is UPSC Preliminary Examination which is the screening test and qualifying in nature. The score obtained in the UPSC Prelims exam is not calculated in the final merit. However, the score in GS Paper-I is essential to determine the cutoff of the UPSC Prelims Exam. The IAS Prelims Exam paper consists of two papers that are objective-type MCQ-based as opposed to UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam. The UPSC Mains Exam is a descriptive exam consisting of nine papers.

In this article, you will get to know what is the UPSC exam, eligibility, IAS exam syllabus, UPSC Exam pattern, and other important particulars related to IAS Exam.


UPSC Civil Services or IAS Exam Dates Exam 2022

UPSC had released the official notification for CSE 2022 on 2nd February 2022. UPSC CSE Prelims Exam is scheduled to be held on 5th June 2022 and UPSC CSE Mains Exam will be held on 16th September 2022. The date of the interview (PI) of UPSC CSE 2022 is not announced yet.

Have a look for UPSC Civil Services Exam 2022’s important date:



Release of Notification - UPSC CSE 2022


UPSC Online Registration for UPSC CSE 2022 (starts on)


Last date to Apply For UPSC CSE 2022


UPSC CSE Prelims 2022 Exam

5th June 2022

UPSC CSE Prelims 2022  Result

Will announce after exam.

UPSC CSE Mains 2022 Exam

16th September 2022


UPSC Exam Eligibility Criteria

Candidates interested in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Exam 2022 should review the official notice for eligibility requirements. In order to take UPSC exam candidate should meet all of the commission’s eligibility conditions that includes educational qualifications, age criteria, nationality and few limited tries. The following are the eligibility conditions that applicants should check before applying for the UPSC 2022 Exam :

Age Limit

The age requirements for the IAS test vary depending on the category. The IAS test requires a minimum age of 21 years and a maximum age of 32 years to apply.
UPSC will consider the date of birth on the High School/Higher Secondary certificate (UPSC).

 Education Qualification

Candidates for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Exam must have completed a Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent degree in any field. Candidates with any percentage can apply for the IAS (UPSC CSE) Exam, but they must meet all other eligibility conditions.


Candidates for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS) must be Indian citizens. Applicants for all other services must be either Indian citizens or foreign nationals.
1. A Tibetan refugee arrived in India before January 1, 1962, to establish a permanent residence.
3. A person of Indian heritage who has moved to India permanently from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African nations Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, and Vietnam.

Amount of Attempts

The maximum number of tries permitted in the UPSC Exam is 6 for general category candidates. Candidates in the OBC category will get 9 attempts. SC/ST candidates are not limited to a certain number of attempts. Candidates should be aware that if they have taken the UPSC CSE Prelims as many times as the number of attempts permitted, they are no longer eligible to take the UPSC IAS Exam again.

UPSC Exam Syllabus

UPSC Exam follows an extensive syllabus for the papers included in UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains. Make sure to download the micro list for the UPSC syllabus for better IAS Exam syllabus coverage.

UPSC Exam Syllabus for Prelims

General Studies Paper-I

The IAS Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam includes the following topics:

1.      Current Events of National and International Importance.

2.      History of India and Indian National Movement.

3.      Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

4.      Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

5.      Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

6.      General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization General Science

Also Read | How to prepare IAS Syllabus for GS-I  inUPSC Prelims

General Studies Paper-II

The GS-II in UPSC Prelims is also known as CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The following topics are included in the IAS syllabus for this paper:

1.      Comprehension

2.      Interpersonal skills including communication skills

3.      Logical reasoning and analytical ability

4.      Decision-making and problem solving

5.      General mental ability

6.      Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc., - Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc., - Class X level)

Also Read | How to prepare for CSAT for UPSCPrelims

UPSC Exam Syllabus for Main Examination

PAPER-I Essay:

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Read more | Best strategy for essay writing for UPSC Mains

PAPER-II General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

1.      Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature & Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2.      Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

3.      The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

4.      Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

5.      History of the World will include events from the 18th century, such as Industrial Revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc., - their forms and effects on the society.

6.      Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women's organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society - Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

7.      Salient features of the world's physical geography.

8.      Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India); Important Geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location - changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Read more | How to prepare for General Studies-I 

PAPER-III General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations.

1.      Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.

2.      Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3.      Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

4.      Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries, Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

5.      Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

6.      Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

7.      Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

8.      Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

9.      Development processes and the development industry - the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

10.  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Center and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

11.  Issues related to development and management of Social Sector/Services in the field of Health, Education, Human Resources.

12.  Issues related to poverty and hunger.

13.  Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance - applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

14.  Role of Civil Services in a democracy.

15.  India and its neighborhood - relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian Diaspora.

16.  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Read more | How to prepare for General Studies-II

PAPER-IV General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

1.      Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

2.      Government Budgeting. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;

3.      E-technology in the aid of farmers Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;

4.      Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5.      Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

6.      Land reforms in India. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

7.      Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

8.      Investment models. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievement of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

9.      Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

10.  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.

11.  Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

12.  Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

13.  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

14.  Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Read more | How to prepare for General Studies-III

PAPER-V General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.

The following broad areas will be covered. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

1.      Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

2.      Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

3.      Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

4.      Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.

5.      Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6.      Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;

7.      Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. Case Studies on the above issues.

Read more | How to prepare for General Studies Paper-IV

Paper-VI and VII: Optional Paper-I and Optional Paper-II

1.      Optional Subject -Paper I and Paper-II (250 Marks Each ) 

List of Optional Subject for UPSC Exam (Mains)

Optional Subjects are extremely important for UPSC Exam because they account for 500 marks out of a total of 1750 marks in UPSC Main Examination. There are 45+ options for optional subjects including various Literature subject options in the IAS Exam. Here’s the list of all optional subjects available for the UPSC Exam.


Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science




Civil Engineering

Commerce and Accountancy


Electrical Engineering







Mechanical Engineering

Medical Science



Political Science and International Relations


Public Administration




Literature of the following languages are also a part of the UPSC optional subjects for UPSC Mains exam from which you can choose your best suited optional subject for UPSC Exam:


























Also, Read | How to choose optional subjects for UPSC Exam

Interview/Personality Test (275 Marks)

1.      Candidates who are selected after the UPSC Mains Exam are eligiable for the next and final phase of the IAS Exam called Personality Test/Interview. Here, the candidates are interviewed by a competent and unbiased board. This board will have the candidate's DAF (Detail Application Form) with them.

2.      The interview round is held to assess the candidate's social traits and his interest in current affairs. The motive of the board is to analyze the personal aptness of the candidate for a career in public service

3.      Candidates can give interviews in their preferred language as UPSC will make arrangements for the translators.


UPSC Exam Pattern 2022

The Civil Services Examination has three following phases, namely:

·         Preliminary Examination

·         Mains Examination

·         Personality Test (Interview Round)

Once a candidate clears all the above-stated rounds, he becomes eligible for joining the Civil Services in India. However, the journey to becoming a Civil Servant (IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS) isn’t a smooth one.

You can only write the Mains examination if you clear the Prelims round. That means each level is an elimination round! Hence, you need to qualify each one to appear for the next one.

UPSC Preliminary Syllabus and Exam Pattern

Preliminary Examination or Prelims is a screening test to filter/select candidates for the Civil Services Mains examination. It has two papers namely General Studies I and CSAT (General Studies Paper-II) of 400 marks comprising objective type questions.

Important Points

·         The marks obtained in the General Studies Paper I determine your selection for the UPSC Mains.

·         CSAT or General Studies Paper II is qualifying in nature. A candidate has to score 33% to qualify for CSAT.

·         There is a negative marking for every incorrect answer. 1/3rd of the marks assigned to a question.

·         The marks obtained in the Prelims are not counted for the final order of merit.



No. of Questions



Negative Marks

General Studies I




2 Hours


General Studies II (CSAT)




2 Hours